Yunnan coffee experience increased embarrassment
At the moment Yunnan coffee 2015&mdash harvest season in 2016, according to the Yunnan coffee industry association is expected this year, Yunnan will reach 130 thousand tons of coffee production. Because of the recent New York futures prices continue to decline, if it continues in accordance with the previous general procurement prices in New York futures price based on 10&mdash minus 20 cents; acquisition practice, Yunnan coffee will again face the increasing output without increasing embarrassment.
It is understood that since 1988 foreign coffee companies to enter Yunnan, the formation of the purchase price is generally based on the futures price of minus 10— 20 cents acquisition practices.
According to the Yunnan provincial coffee industry association secretary general Li Gongqin introduced, Vietnamese coffee purchase price is generally higher than the London futures exchange 70— $100 per ton price, Columbia's price basically higher than the New York futures price of 40— 50 cents / pound, Brazil is in accordance with the New York futures price quotation. At present, the world's only Yunnan coffee prices lower than the New York futures prices, and such a quotation system in Yunnan maintained for 27 years. In 27 years, the average annual production of coffee in Yunnan is calculated at the rate of 60 thousand tons, Yunnan coffee farmers lost at least $3 billion 400 million.
Based on this, recently, coffee leading enterprises in Yunnan province after the first harvest Valley company in accordance with the price, New York coffee futures prices converted into Renminbi, minus the transportation costs for Yunnan coffee harvest price. According to this, in this harvest season, after the Yunnan Valley coffee coffee harvest per ton price increased 1500 yuan, the enterprise will pay billions of dollars, but this billion yuan of funds, will directly benefit Yunnan coffee farmers.
After the chairman of bear Valley coffee people said in an interview with this reporter, “ after the valley level commitment Yunnan coffee beans are never less than 15 thousand yuan / ton acquisition, as the enterprise best to protect Yunnan coffee growers interests, will never allow Yunnan coffee farmers loss situation.
A private enterprises have such confidence, from Chinese hogood coffee is only one with the whole industry chain coffee company, after the new Valley coffee production line of 20 thousand tons is expected to at the end of the year completed and commissioning, then, after the valley of coffee a year will have 33 thousand tons of coffee processing capacity, according to the calculation and after the valley coffee factory will annually digest 70 thousand — 80 thousand tons of coffee in Yunnan.
According to the statistical data of Yunnan province industry association show that as of now, Yunnan coffee, coffee planting area of about 1800000 acres, the new season is expected to yield 130 thousand tons, Yunnan coffee planting area, yield accounted for Chinese coffee planting area, total yield of about 99%. Yunnan coffee imports and exports accounted for about 80% of China's total import and export volume of coffee. In addition to the valley of coffee accounted for half of China's coffee imports and exports, the other coffee companies in Yunnan province also completed 30% of China's coffee import and export tasks.
Yunnan coffee industry association is expected in the next 10 years, China will become the world's largest consumer of coffee, Yunnan coffee can be described as the future of “ money immeasurable ”.
Just returned from foreign research Li Gongqin told reporters that the world's major coffee producing countries have their own procurement protection mechanism to stabilize the production of domestic coffee. For example, Africa is the type of auction, the auction must hold a license to participate in the auction, only buy coffee in Vietnam, the government designated qualification; a few have acquired qualifications coffee companies to acquire Vietnamese national coffee, coffee growers to maximize the protection of interests. However, in Yunnan, foreign enterprises, local enterprises, traders can buy directly with the farmers, farmers' interests can not be guaranteed.
In order to cope with the coffee price change cycle, Yunnan Province Industry Association recommended the establishment of Yunnan coffee, coffee storage system, the storage charges and subsidies provide subsidized loans, support enterprises in purchasing and storage price of coffee beans sales prices close to or below the cost of planting planting cost. Government, business collaboration to make coffee no longer increase production does not increase in Yunnan, to protect the interests of farmers are no longer subject to damage