Yunnan coffee need to purchase and storage system
In November 18th, Yunnan's largest coffee company — — Dehong hogood coffee company announced to the outside world, after the valley will be the first harvest offer, according to New York coffee futures prices converted into Renminbi, minus the shipping fee of not less than 15 thousand yuan / ton price of the acquisition of Yunnan coffee, Yunnan coffee is no longer cheap.
27 years, Yunnan coffee farmers lost at least 3 billion 400 million yuan /
Yunnan coffee planting area and production accounted for about 99% of China's coffee. At present, Yunnan has formed Pu'er, Baoshan, Dehong three major coffee producing areas, coffee cultivation area of about 1800000 acres. Yunnan coffee industry association data show that this year is expected to reach 130 thousand tons of coffee production in Yunnan.
&ldquo, however, affected by the recent New York futures prices continued to decline, Yunnan coffee will face increasing production without increasing the situation. ” valley coffee company chairman Xiong Xiangren said.
Why is there such a situation? China Youth Daily reporter was informed that the Yunnan coffee exports accounted for about 80% of China's coffee exports. However, unlike other coffee producing countries, foreign companies, local businesses, traders can directly to Yunnan's coffee farmers to buy coffee. Nestle, Starbucks and other international coffee giants are the largest local coffee beans buyers. Puer tea and Coffee Industry Bureau staff said that the purchase of coffee in Pu'er Nestle last year to 10 thousand tons, 8000 tons of Starbucks.
The coffee giant is according to the daily international coffee futures price changes make Yunnan coffee all commodity purchase price, that is to say, Yunnan coffee beans to rank all goods to form multinational supply, its price is subject to the international coffee futures prices.
“ since 1988, after the entry of foreign coffee companies in Yunnan, the formation of a practice of acquisition, that is, the purchase price is generally based on the New York futures price minus 10~20 cents. ” bear people said, farmers planted a pound of coffee at a cost of 13 yuan ~14 yuan, the cost is 17 yuan ~18 yuan. However, the pricing system of foreign coffee companies can not guarantee the interests of farmers. This quotation system maintained in Yunnan for 27 years, with an average annual output of 60 thousand tons, in the past 27 years, Yunnan farmers at least $3 billion 400 million loss.
Direct procurement of enterprises to damage the interests of farmers?
Yunnan coffee industry association secretary general Li Gongqin said: “ Yunnan has almost become the only global, foreign investors can directly from cheap coffee farmers hand to buy coffee beans, and is lower than the purchase price of coffee futures for international coffee producing areas.
He pointed out that in the world's coffee producing areas, there are direct government control, especially in large coffee producing countries, the government does not allow foreign direct procurement of domestic coffee.
Coffee in major producing countries of Columbia set up a National Association of producers of coffee, coffee exports to association management, the price basically higher than the New York futures price of 40~50 cents / pound; when coffee prices, the association will invest a lot of money to buy coffee beans coffee reserves, protection price, ensure that coffee growers do not appear to loss. The stable foundation of coffee industry.
Brazil to take the auction of the protection mechanism, the government designated a unified acquisition, in accordance with the New York futures prices, foreign companies may not directly purchase coffee beans with farmers.
Africa is the auction type, must hold the auction license to participate in the auction, there is the acquisition of coffee qualification.
Vietnam is designated by the government to acquire a number of qualified coffee companies, the acquisition of domestic coffee, the purchase price is generally higher than the London futures exchange 70~100 U.S. dollars / ton price.
In Costa Rica, coffee is an important source of economic income, the country has 1/3 of the population into the coffee industry. Its coffee farmers just grow coffee, provide fresh fruit, sales by the Costa Rica National Coffee center monitoring, sales of 75.8% of the income of the farmers, the rich life.
“ low prices hurt farmers, farmers will destroy the coffee tree. The ultimate damage to farmers. ” bear people said, after the first valley coffee price, according to the calculation, in the year after the valley coffee harvest season will offer harvest per ton of coffee in Yunnan increased by 1500 yuan, the enterprise will pay more than a billion dollars of funds, will directly benefit the Yunnan coffee farmers.
“ enterprise meager strength to help coffee farmers through the winter, ‘ ’ stability of Yunnan coffee industry base, is to call for more coffee companies to join them, get more business and support of relevant departments, so that Yunnan no longer cheap coffee today. ” he said.
Whether you need coffee storage system
Bear people pointed out that the Yunnan prices are low, is a place where there is no reserve price, the other one with coffee quality is not high. “ some coffee farmers themselves more than 1000 yuan to buy a machine processing coffee, the first level of beans into a two beans.
After the valley coffee so emboldened to offer, because it is the only one with the whole industry chain of coffee companies, the new 20 thousand tons of production lines will be completed before the end of this year to debug production. At that time, after the valley coffee will have 33 thousand tons of coffee deep processing capacity, according to production capacity, the valley coffee factory will be able to digest 70 thousand ~8 tons of Yunnan coffee.
“ as of November 15th this year, the government's attention and support of financial institutions, hogu coffee import and export volume has exceeded $300 million, the data exceeded last year's total import and export Chinese coffee 50%. &rdquo said people bear.
Yunnan Coffee Industry Association believes that “ rely only on an enterprise, the power is limited ”. In response to the association suggested that coffee price change cycle, Yunnan should establish a coffee storage system, the storage charges and subsidies provide subsidized loans, support for purchasing and storage enterprises in the protection price of coffee beans sales prices close to the cost of planting or less than the cost of planting time.
It is reported that Yunnan coffee companies are also aware of this problem. In recent years, more and more Yunnan coffee companies try to go out, with Shanghai, Chongqing, Chengdu, the construction of Coffee Trading platform.
“ government support, coffee enterprise unity, Yunnan can no longer sell coffee. ” Li Gongqin says.